Nicaragua is a coastal country located in Central North America where it is bordered by Costa Rica, Honduras, the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Fonseca and Pacific Ocean. It stretches over 130,373 km2 of land. It is estimated that the population of Nicaragua is more than 6,217,581.
Check out interesting Nicaragua facts and information about this North American country with our fact file for kids. Identify important facts about the size, climate, currency, flag, continent, people, culture, geography, landscape, landmarks, population, location and language of Nicaragua.
Explore North America with our interesting Nicaragua facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Nicaragua in? What color is the flag of Nicaragua? How big is Nicaragua? What is the population of Nicaragua? What is the climate like in Nicaragua?
Nicaragua Fact File: Continent: North America * Country Name(s): Nicaragua, Republic of Nicaragua * Location: Central North America * Bordering: Costa Rica, Honduras, the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Fonseca and Pacific Ocean * Capital City: Managua * Size: 130,373 km2 * Estimated Population: over 6,217,581 * Currency: Nicaraguan córdoba (NIO) * Language(s): Spanish * Country Code: +505
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Nicaragua forms part of the continent of North America, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Costa Rica, Honduras, the Caribbean Sea, Gulf of Fonseca and Pacific Ocean. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). North America is the third largest continent in the world, it has 23 countries, plus many other territories. It spans a total area of 24,490,000 km2 and forms 16.5% of the world's landmass. Nicaragua is a coastal country that encompasses a total area of approximately 130,373 km2. It is a small to medium size country when compared to other countries across the world. However, Nicaragua is in fact one of the largest countries in Central America. It is larger than Honduras and the Caribbean's largest island of Cuba.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this North American country is more than 6,217,581 people. The majority of Nicaragua's inhabitants reside in Managua which is the country's most populous city. Nicaragua has an average population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 44 people per sq km. The estimated population of North America is approximately 573,777,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the third largest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
Nicaragua's capital city is called Managua. The names of other major cities situated in this country are León, Masaya, Tipitapa, Chinandega and Matagalpa.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following guideline provides details on the approximate border lengths of Nicaragua:
Coastline 910 km, Costa Rica 313 km, Honduras 940 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
The climate in Nicaragua can be described as being tropical in areas of lowland and cooler in areas of elevation. The geography of Nicaragua is defined by its long coastal regions on the Atlantic coast, central mountain areas, and narrow coastal plains on the Pacific coast which feature numerous volcanoes. As the biggest country in Central America, one interesting fact about Nicaragua is that it features Lago de Nicaragua, Central America's largest freshwater lake. The lowest point of Nicaragua is the Pacific Ocean at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Mogoton at 2,085m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Nicaragua
Natural resources are materials and substances that can be found occurring naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. An individual country's natural resources can depend on many factors including the climate, geography and location. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, are rich with natural resources, where as others have practically none. Food, transport and construction are three of the primary uses of natural resources. For example, fish is a naturally occurring resource that can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into different types of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber from forests can be used to build homes and furniture. The natural resources found in Nicaragua include silver, gold, copper, tungsten, zinc, lead, timber and fish.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Nicaragua is Spanish. Other languages that are spoken in this country include Miskito and Mestizo.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Nicaragua is Roman Catholic at approximately 51% of the population. Around 33% are Evangelical. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Nicaragua
Each country across the world has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, colors, mottos, anthems and songs are used to symbolize the pride and individuality of a nation. These national symbols are created through the unique history of a nation and can portray both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Nicaragua:
National symbol(s): turquoise-browed motmot (bird)
National colors: blue and white
National Anthem/Song: Salve a ti, Nicaragua (Translation: Hail to Thee, Nicaragua)
National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 15 September (1821)
National Motto(s): En Dios Confiamos (Translation: In God We Trust)