United Kingdom is an island country located in Northern Europe where it is bordered by Ireland, the Atlantic Ocean, English Channel, Irish Sea and North Sea. It covers 242,900 km2 of land. The estimated total population of United Kingdom is in excess of 66,181,585.
Learn interesting United Kingdom facts and information about this European country with our fact file for kids. Discover important facts about the climate, currency, flag, continent, geography, landscape, language, people, culture, landmarks, population, location and size of United Kingdom.
Discover Europe with our interesting United Kingdom facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is United Kingdom in? What are the major cities of United Kingdom? What is the capital city of United Kingdom? What is the geography of United Kingdom like? What is the climate like in United Kingdom?
United Kingdom Fact File: Continent: Europe * Country Name(s): United Kingdom, United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, UK * Location: Northern Europe * Bordering: Ireland, the Atlantic Ocean, English Channel, Irish Sea and North Sea * Capital City: London * Size: 242,900 km2 * Estimated Population: over 66,181,585 * Currency: British pound (GBP) * Language(s): English * Country Code: +44
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
United Kingdom is located on the continent of Europe, it is classed as an island country and is positioned in Ireland, the Atlantic Ocean, English Channel, Irish Sea and North Sea in Northern Europe. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Europe is the world's second smallest continent, spanning a total area of 10,180,000 km2. Europe has 51 countries, with some countries belonging to both Europe and Asia, and forms 6.8% of the world's landmass. United Kingdom is an island country that spans across a total area of approximately 242,900 km2. It is a medium size country that is separated from the European mainland by the North Sea and the English Channel.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this European country is more than 66,181,585 people. The majority of United Kingdom's inhabitants reside in London which is the country's most populous city. United Kingdom has a high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 257 people per sq km. The estimated population of Europe is approximately 738,442,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second smallest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital city of United Kingdom is London. Other major cities located in this country include Birmingham, Liverpool, Nottingham, Sheffield and Bristol.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following border information provides details on the length of United Kingdom's borders:
Coastline 12,429 km, Ireland 443 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
The United Kingdom has a temperate climate characterized by cold winters and warm summers with adequate rainfall throughout the year. Northern regions tend to receive lower temperatures and more rainfall than southern areas. The geography of the United Kingdom is formed of low mountainous regions, hills, rolling plains, forests, rivers, lakes and coastal regions. The lowest point of United Kingdom is the Fens at -4m, and the highest point of elevation is Ben Nevis at 1,343m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of United Kingdom
Natural resources are materials and substances that can be found occurring naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of natural resources present in an individual country depends on varying factors which are influenced by the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, have many natural resources, where as some other countries have limited to none. Food, transport and construction are three of the primary uses of natural resources. For example, fish is a naturally occurring resource that can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into different types of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber from forests can be used to build homes and furniture. The natural resources of United Kingdom include coal, natural gas, petroleum, iron ore, zinc, lead, gold, tin, limestone, salt, clay, chalk, gypsum, potash, silica sand, slate, and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of United Kingdom is English, which is spoken by the majority of the population.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religion of United Kingdom is Christian at approximately 59% of the population. Christian religions practised in England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland include Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian and Methodist. Around 4% are Muslim and 1% Hindu. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of United Kingdom
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, mottos, colors, anthems and songs represent the national pride and identity of countries worldwide. These national symbols are created through the unique history of a nation and can portray both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a country such as animals, birds, flowers, trees, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. Here are some important facts on the symbols, songs and colors of United Kingdom:
National symbol(s): lion (Britain in general) lion, Tudor rose, oak (England) lion, unicorn, thistle (Scotland) dragon, daffodil, leek (Wales) shamrock, flax (Northern Ireland)
National colors: red, white, blue (Britain in general) red, white (England) blue, white (Scotland) red, white, green (Wales)
National Anthem/Song: God Save the Queen
National Holiday(s): none