Spain is a coastal country located in Southern Europe where it is bordered by Andorra, France, Gibraltar, Portugal, Morocco, the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. It spreads over 505,992 km2 of land. The overall population of Spain is more than 46,354,321.
Find out interesting Spain facts and information about this European country with our fact file for kids. Identify important facts about the climate, currency, flag, continent, geography, landscape, language, people, culture, landmarks, population, location and size of Spain.
Find out important information about Europe with our interesting Spain facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Spain in? What is the geography of Spain like? What is Spain famous for? What is the main language of Spain? What is the culture of Spain like?
Spain Fact File: Continent: Europe * Country Name(s): Spain, Kingdom of Spain * Location: Southern Europe * Bordering: Andorra, France, Gibraltar, Portugal, Morocco, the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea * Capital City: Madrid * Size: 505,992 km2 * Estimated Population: over 46,354,321 * Currency: Euro (EUR) * Language(s): Spanish * Country Code: +34
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Spain forms part of the continent of Europe, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Andorra, France, Gibraltar, Portugal, Morocco, the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Europe is the world's second smallest continent, spanning a total area of 10,180,000 km2. Europe has 51 countries, with some countries belonging to both Europe and Asia, and forms 6.8% of the world's landmass. Spain is a coastal country that covers a total area of approximately 505,992 km2. It is one of the largest countries in Europe.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this European country is somewhere in the region of 46,354,321 people. The majority of Spain's inhabitants reside in Madrid which is the country's most populous city. Spain has a high population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 91 people per sq km. The estimated population of Europe is approximately 738,442,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second smallest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital city of Spain is Madrid. Other major cities located in this country include Barcelona, Valencia, Seville, Zaragoza and Málaga.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following border information provides details on the length of Spain's borders:
Coastline 4,964 km, Andorra 63 km, France 646 km, Gibraltar 1.2 km, Portugal 1,224 km, Morocco (Ceuta: autonomous city of Spain) 8 km, Morocco (Melilla: autonomous city of Spain) 10.5 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
Spain is a big country so the climate varies between regions. Southern regions tend to receive a pleasant Mediterranean climate with mild, wet winters and dry, hot summers. Northern regions receive a cooler climate, and central regions experience a more continental climate with cold winters and hot summers. The geography of Spain consists of mountainous regions, namely the Pyrenees mountains that occur in the north, flatland areas, plateau, hilly regions and coastal areas. The lowest point of Spain is the Atlantic Ocean at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Pico de Teide on Canary Islands at 3,718m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Spain
Natural resources can be described as materials and substances found naturally occurring on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of resources that occur naturally in an individual country are influenced by varying factors such as the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries are very rich in natural resources, where as others have limited to none. Countries that have particularly rich resources include Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada. Three of the primary uses of natural resources are food, transport and construction. The following examples provide information on the everyday uses of natural resources: Fish occurs naturally in many bodies of water and can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into various fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests and used to construct houses and furniture. The natural resources found in Spain include coal, lignite, iron ore, copper, zinc, lead, uranium, tungsten, mercury, pyrites, magnesite, fluorspar, gypsum, sepiolite, kaolin, potash, hydropower (water power), and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of Spain are Castilian Spanish and Catalan (language of Catalonia, Valencia and Balearic Islands), Galician (official language of Galicia), Basque (official of the Basque Country), Aranese (official language in Vall d'Aran in Catalonia).
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Spain is Roman Catholic at approximately 67% of the population. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Spain
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries across the world to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are formed through the unique history of a nation and are symbolic of both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, songs, mottos and colors reflect the past, present and future hopes of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a nation such as wildlife, plants, geographical features, crops, tools of agriculture, and tools of war. Here are some important facts on the symbols, songs and colors of Spain:
National symbol(s): Pillars of Hercules
National colors: red and yellow
National Anthem/Song: Himno Nacional Espanol (Translation: National Anthem of Spain)
National Holiday(s): National Day (Hispanic Day, Christopher Columbus), 12 October (1492)
National Motto(s): Plus Ultra (Translation: Further beyond)