Bulgaria is a coastal country located in Eastern Europe where it is bordered by Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Turkey and the Black Sea. It spreads across 110,879 km2 of land. The approximate population of Bulgaria is in excess of 7,084,571.
Find out interesting Bulgaria facts and information about this European country with our fact file for kids. Discover important facts about the size, climate, currency, flag, continent, people, culture, geography, landscape, landmarks, population, location and language of Bulgaria.
Learn key information about Europe with our interesting Bulgaria facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Bulgaria in? What is the main language of Bulgaria? What is the culture of Bulgaria like? What is the geography of Bulgaria like? What is Bulgaria famous for?
Bulgaria Fact File: Continent: Europe * Country Name(s): Bulgaria, Republic of Bulgaria * Location: Eastern Europe * Bordering: Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Turkey and the Black Sea * Capital City: Sofia * Size: 110,879 km2 * Estimated Population: over 7,084,571 * Currency: Bulgarian lev (BGN) * Language(s): Bulgarian * Country Code: +359
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Bulgaria forms part of the continent of Europe, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Greece, Macedonia, Romania, Serbia, Turkey and the Black Sea. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Europe is the second smallest continent in the world, it has 51 countries, with some countries belonging to both Europe and Asia, stretches across a total area size of 10,180,000 km2 and forms 6.8% of the landmass of the world. Bulgaria is a coastal country that spans a total area of approximately 110,879 km2. It is is a small to medium European country that is smaller by area than Greece but larger than Iceland.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this European country is in excess of 7,084,571 people. The majority of Bulgaria's inhabitants reside in Sofia which is the country's most populous city. Bulgaria has an average population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 66 people per sq km. The estimated population of Europe is approximately 738,442,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second smallest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital of Bulgaria is Sofia. The names of other major cities located in this country are Plovdiv, Varna, Burgas, Rousse and Stara Zagora.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following guideline provides details on the approximate border lengths of Bulgaria:
Coastline 354 km, Greece 472 km, Macedonia 162 km, Romania 605 km, Serbia 344 km, Turkey 223 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
The climate of Bulgaria can be described as temperate with hot, dry summers and cold, wet winters. Some of the country's highest mountain regions receive a more alpine climate. The geography of Bulgaria is formed of mountains, lowland areas and coastal plain along the Black Sea coast. The lowest point of Bulgaria is the Black Sea at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Musala at 2,925m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Bulgaria
Natural resources are materials and substances that can be found occurring naturally on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of natural resources present in an individual country depends on varying factors which are influenced by the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, have many natural resources, where as some other countries have limited to none. Food, transport and construction are three of the primary uses of natural resources. For example, fish is a naturally occurring resource that can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into different types of fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber from forests can be used to build homes and furniture. The natural resources found in Bulgaria include bauxite, copper, zinc, lead, coal, timber, and arable land suitable for growing crops.
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official language of Bulgaria is Bulgarian. A small percentage of the population speak other languages as their primary form of communication, such languages include Turkish and Romani.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The main religion of Bulgaria is Eastern Orthodox at approximately 59% of the population. Around 7% are Muslim. The remaining population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Bulgaria
Every country has its own unique culture, history and identity. Flags, symbols, emblems, mottos, songs, anthems and colors are used by countries worldwide to represent national pride and identity. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, songs, mottos and colors reflect the past, present and future hopes of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can include a mixture of things that are symbolic to a nation such as wildlife, plants, geographical features, crops, tools of agriculture, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Bulgaria:
National symbol(s): lion
National colors: white, green and red
National Anthem/Song: Mila Rodino (Translation: Dear Homeland)
National Holiday(s): Liberation Day, 3 March (1878)
National Motto(s): Съединението прави силата (Translation: Unity Makes Strength)