Bosnia and Herzegovina is a coastal country located in Southern Europe where it is bordered by Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and the Adriatic Sea. It spans 51,197 km2 of land. The total population of Bosnia and Herzegovina is in excess of 3,507,017.
Check out interesting Bosnia and Herzegovina facts and information about this European country with our fact file for kids. Identify important facts about the climate, currency, flag, continent, geography, landscape, language, people, culture, landmarks, population, location and size of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Explore Europe with our interesting Bosnia and Herzegovina facts for kids based on questions such as: What continent is Bosnia and Herzegovina in? What is the climate like in Bosnia and Herzegovina? How big is Bosnia and Herzegovina? What is the culture of Bosnia and Herzegovina like? What is Bosnia and Herzegovina famous for?
Bosnia and Herzegovina Fact File: Continent: Europe * Country Name(s): Bosnia and Herzegovina * Location: Southern Europe * Bordering: Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and the Adriatic Sea * Capital City: Sarajevo * Size: 51,197 km2 * Estimated Population: over 3,507,017 * Currency: Bosnia and Herzegovina convertible mark (BAM) * Language(s): Bosnian, Croatian and Serbian * Country Code: +387
Interesting Facts for Kids 1: Size & location facts
Bosnia and Herzegovina is located on the continent of Europe, where it has a coastal position and is bordered by Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia and the Adriatic Sea. There are seven continents in the world: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Antarctica, Australia (Oceania). Europe is the world's second smallest continent, it has 51 countries, with some countries belonging to both Europe and Asia. It occupies a total area of 10,180,000 km2 and forms 6.8% of the landmass of the world. Bosnia and Herzegovina is a coastal country that spreads over a total area of approximately 51,197 km2. It is one of the smaller countries positioned on mainland Europe. Bosnia and Herzegovina has a slightly larger land area size than Slovakia.
Interesting Facts for Kids 2: Population facts
The population of this European country is in excess of 3,507,017 people. The majority of Bosnia and Herzegovina's inhabitants reside in Sarajevo which is the country's most populous city. Bosnia and Herzegovina has an average population when compared to most other countries across the world, its overall population density is approximately 75 people per sq km. The estimated population of Europe is approximately 738,442,000 inhabitants, making it the continent with the second smallest population in the world. The continents in order of population, starting with highest population first, are: Asia, Africa, North America, South America, Europe, Australia (Oceania Region) and Antarctica. The total population of the entire world is in excess of 7.6 billion people.
Interesting Facts for Kids 3: Capital & major cities
The capital city of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Sarajevo. Other major cities located in this country include Banja Luka, Zenica, Tuzla, Mostar and Bihać.
Interesting Facts for Kids 4: Country borders
The following border information provides details on the length of Bosnia and Herzegovina's borders:
Coastline 20 km, Croatia 956 km, Montenegro 242 km, Serbia 345 km.
Interesting Facts for Kids 5: Climate and geography facts
The climate of Bosnia and Herzegovina is hot during the summer season and mild to cold during the winter. Coastal areas typically experience mild winters with higher levels of rainfall. The weather conditions are cooler in the summer and more severe during the winter season in areas of high elevation. The geography of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists majorly of mountainous regions and valleys. The lowest point of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the Adriatic Sea at 0m, and the highest point of elevation is Maglic at 2,386m.
Interesting Facts for Kids 6: Natural Resources of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Natural resources can be described as materials and substances found naturally occurring on Earth. Natural resources are very important across the world, and can be exploited for economic gain. The level of natural resources present in an individual country depends on varying factors which are influenced by the geography, climate and location of that country. Some countries, such as Russia, The United States, Saudi Arabia and Canada, have many natural resources, where as some other countries have limited to none. Three of the primary uses of natural resources are food, transport and construction. The following examples provide information on the everyday uses of natural resources: Fish occurs naturally in many bodies of water and can be caught for food consumption. Crude oils can be refined into various fuels in order to power vehicles/cars. Wood/timber can be extracted from forests and used to construct houses and furniture. The natural resources found in Bosnia and Herzegovina include coal, iron ore, bauxite, copper, zinc, lead, chromite, cobalt, manganese, nickel, clay, gypsum, salt, sand, timber and hydropower (water power).
Interesting Facts for Kids 7: Language facts
The official languages of Bosnia and Herzegovina are Bosnian, Serbian and Croatian, however, the majority of the population speak Bosnian.
Interesting Facts for Kids 8: Religion facts
The primary religion of Bosnia and Herzegovina is Muslim at approximately 50% of the population. People belonging to the Islamic religion worship Allah. In the English language, the word Allah refers to God in Islam. Those belonging to the religion of Islam believe in one god. Most of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s population are Muslim and follow the practices of Islam. Around 30% are Orthodox and 15% Roman Catholic. The rest of the population either belongs to other religions or no religion at all.
Interesting Facts for Kids 9: Symbols of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Each country has its own individual culture, history and identity. Flags, emblems, symbols, mottos, colors, anthems and songs represent the national pride and identity of countries worldwide. These national symbols are forged through a nation's unique history and can represent both hardship and prosperity, embodying freedom, strength and unity. Flags, emblems, colors, songs and mottos reflect the past, present and future aspirations of a country, and create an important image to the rest of the world. National symbols can represent a combination of things that are important to a country such as birds, animals, plants, geographical features, tools of agriculture, crops, and tools of war. The following facts depict some of the national symbols, songs and colors that are important to Bosnia and Herzegovina:
National symbol(s): golden lily
National colors: blue, yellow and white
National Anthem/Song: Drzavna himna Bosne i Hercegovine (Translation: The National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
National Holiday(s): Independence Day, 1 March (1992); Statehood Day, 25 November (1943); Victory Day, 9 May (1945); Dayton Agreement Day, 21 November (1995)